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Commercial Substance Definition, Example, How to Determine?

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Nonmonetary Transaction Definition

RevenueRevenue is the amount of money that a business can earn in its normal course of business by selling its goods and services. In the case of the federal government, it refers to the total amount of income generated from taxes, which remains unfiltered from any deductions.

  • If the cash flow pattern changes, the transaction is said to have commercial substance; if it doesn’t change, it has no commercial substance.
  • For example, a real estate property cannot be readily converted to cash in the immediate short term, but it will generate rental income for the business.
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  • You can view the transcript for “Property Plant And Equipment Nonmonetary Exchange ” here .
  • By their inherent nature, nonmonetary assets and liabilities do not result in future settlements in a foreign currency.

Nonmonetary transactions beyond standard administrative transactions can quickly descend into a quid pro quo situation. The Latin expression is best summed Nonmonetary Transaction Definition up as “something for something.” One party grows to expect something in return for a favor, which doesn’t necessarily have to be monetary in nature.

Amendments under consideration by the IASB

Obligations to furnish goods or services in quantities that are fixed or determinable without reference to changes in prices. If a user or application submits more than 10 requests per second, further requests from the IP address may be limited for a brief period. Once the rate of requests has dropped below the threshold for 10 minutes, the user may resume accessing content on This SEC practice is designed to limit excessive automated searches on and is not intended or expected to impact individuals browsing the website. In all cases, we should adjust for any cash received or given up during the transfer. Determine whether or not the transaction has commercial substance. The expression “quid pro quo,” Latin for “something for something,” is used to describe when two parties engage in a mutual agreement to exchange goods or services.

$1,800 In an exchange that lacks commercial substance, when boot is received and it represents less than 25% of the consideration received. A proportional gain equal to the ratio of cash to total consideration received is recognized. The old machine had a carrying value of $16,000 ($80,000 – $64,000). The fair value of consideration received is $25,000 (the new machine fair value of $20,000 + cash received of $5,000). Since cash is 20% of the consideration received ($5,000 / $25,000), the gain is equal to $1,800 ($9,000 x 20%) Gain is recognized because cash was received as part of the consideration. This transaction is a nonmonetary exchange that lacks commercial substance under GAAP.


A nonmonetary exchange has commercial substance if the future cash flows of the entity are expected to change significantly as a result of the exchange. Nonmonetary assets and liabilities are not subsequently remeasured.

A nonmonetary transaction occurs when a business or commerce activity concludes without the transfer of money between accounts for parties tied to the transaction. Nonmonetary transactions can be something as simple as a change of address or can refer to more complex transactions in the financial sector. Some exchanges of non-monetary assets involve a small monetary consideration (referred to as “boot”), even though the exchange is essentially non-monetary. Further , the exchange is inventory for inventory, and inventory is a product that is ordinarily held to be sold to customers. One of the three exceptions to the general rule of valuing a transaction at fair value is if the exchange was made solely to facilitate a sale to a third party that is not a party to the exchange . Remember that lack of commercial substance was the third exception. As the exchange transaction satisfies all the conditions of commercial substance, this substance exists, and the asset is to be recognized at fair value.

History of IAS 21

The accounting problem is to determine the applicability of either ASC 845 or ASC 610 to transactions involving virtual currencies. The “commercial substance” concept is critical to accounting for nonmonetary exchanges under ASC 845. For example, a $0 deposit to initiate an automated clearing house transaction (e.g., direct deposit or auto-withdrawal) would be considered a nonmonetary transaction. The even, or in-kind, exchange of assets (e.g., transferring property or inventory) is another nonmonetary transaction. In cases of property exchange, the fair values of the underlying assets need to be determined, if possible. If the exchange lacks commercial substance and no boot is received, no gain is recognized.

Nonmonetary Transaction Definition

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